Judie Smith


Q   How do you pronounce “Xoloitzcuintli”?

      “Show-low-itz-queen-tlee,” or “Show-low” for short.

Q   Are Xolos always hairless?

      No. While the breed is associated with hairlessness, the Xolo also comes in a coated variety. Both types may be found in the same litter.

Q   What is the normal size for this breed?

      Purebred Xolos come in three distinct sizes: Toy (minimum 10" to 14" at the shoulder), Miniature (over 14" to 18"), and Standard (over 18" to maximum 23"). Under 10”or 24” at the shoulder is a disqualification in the conformation ring. Dogs advertised as “Tiny” or “Teacup” Xolos are usually mixed breeds. The typical Toy Xolo weighs between 9 to 13 lbs.

Q   Are Xolos good watch dogs?

      Intensely loyal to their families, Xolos are normally good watch dogs. Early and frequent socialization and training is important for this breed. Xolos should be exposed to people outside their immediate family on a continual basis so that they do not become overprotective.

Q   Are Xolos good with kids?

      Xolos can make great companions for children under the right conditions. It is best to bring a Xolo into a home with kids when it is a young puppy. Children must be taught respect and kindness towards animals. Very young children should always be supervised when interacting with any breed.  

Q   Are Xolos easy to train?

      Xolos are very intelligent, but they can be stubborn and independent. Puppy kindergarten and/or basic obedience classes are highly recommended.     Only positive training methods should be used.  Visit the class beforehand to determine if the instructor's training methods are compatible with your Xolo's training requirements.

      Xolo puppies can be destructive if left in the house unsupervised. Your Xolo puppy should be crate trained and safely confined when you are not home to supervise.

Q   Is this a “hypoallergenic” breed?

      Hairless Xolos are often a good choice for people with allergies, but compatibility depends on the severity of the allergies as well as the individual dog. Many allergy suffers can tolerate hairless Xolos since they have less dander than coated dogs. If allergies are triggered by saliva, however, reaction to a Xolo will be the same as with other dog breeds.

        Coated Xolos have normal dander and shed like any other coated dog, therefore they cannot be considered to be hypoallergenic.


Q   How do Xolos tolerate hot weather?

      The Xoloitzcuintli originated in Mexico, which has hot and sunny weather much of the year. They are typically sun-loving and tolerant, but you should always keep their welfare in mind. Never leave any dog outside during extreme heat without adequate shade and cool water. Hairless Xolos with very fair skin or white markings may need sunscreen to prevent burning on sunny days. Darker skinned Xolos do not ordinarily require sunscreen – in fact, some sun exposure is desired for optimum skin color and health.

Q   What about cold weather?

      The Xolo is a hardy breed that is adaptable to almost any climate as long as they receive proper care. Many Xolos live quite happily in colder climates. Use common sense when exposing them to cold weather. Depending on the temperature and environment, a sweater or coat and booties may be necessary for your Xolo’s comfort. Applying Vaseline to the ear tips is advisable to help prevent frost bite in cold weather.

Q   What kind of grooming is needed?

      Hairless Xolo care can vary from one dog to another, but most will benefit from a regular bath with mild shampoo followed by application of a good lotion that does not clog their pores. Grooming requirements for the coated variety are simple: brush at least twice a week to keep shedding to a minimum and bathe once a month. Both varieties should have their nails trimmed and ears cleaned regularly.